Lions are opportunists. They prefer to eat without having to do too much work. When resting in the shade, they are also watching the sky to see what is flying by, and even in the heat of the day they will suddenly start up and run a mile across the plains to find out what is going on. If another animal has made a kill, they will drive it off and take the kill for themselves. A grown lion can easily eat 60 pounds of meat at a single feeding. Often they eat until it seems painful for them to lie down.
The lionesses (母狮) , being thinner and faster, are better hunters than the males (雄狮). But the males don’t mind. After the kill they move in and take the best share.
Most kills are made at night or just before daybreak. We have seen many, many daylight attempts but only ten kills. Roughly, It’s about twenty daytime attempts for one kill.
When lions are hiding for an attack by a water hole, they wait patiently and can charge at any second. The kill is the exciting moment in the day-to-day life of the lion, since these great animals spend most of their time, about 20 hours a day, sleeping and resting.
Lions are social cats, and when they are having a rest, they love to touch each other. After drinking at a water hole, a lioness rests her head on another’s back. When walking, young lions often touch faces with older ones, an act of close ties among members of the group.
1.By describing lions as “opportunists” in the first paragraph, the author means to say that lions _____________.
A. are cruel animals
B. are clever animals
C. like to make use of other animals
D. like to play with other animals
2.According to the text, which of the following is true?
A. Lions make most kills in the daytime.
B. Males care more about eating than active killing.
C. Lions are curious about things happening around them.
D. It doesn’t take lions too much time to make a kill.
3.Lions spend most of their time, about 20 hours a day, ______________.
A. playing and killing B. sleeping and resting
C. eating and sleeping D. playing and sleeping
4.How can we know that lions are social animals?
A. They depend on each other.
B. They look after each other well.
C. They readily share what they have.
D. They enjoy each other’s company陪伴.
5.What would be the best title for the text?
A. Powerful Lions B. Lions at Work and Play
C. Lions, Social Cats D. Lions, Skilled Hunters试题答案
1.猜测词义题。根据第一段第二句“They prefer to eat without having to do too much work”和“If another animal has made a kill, they will drive it off and take the kill for them selves.”他们更喜欢吃不费力而得来的食物。如果另一个动物捕获了实物，他们将他赶走，把食物据为己有。可知狮子喜欢侵占其他动物的猎物。Opportunists的意思是“机会主义者”。
2.】判断正误题。根据“The lionesses are better hunters than the males”和“But the males don’t mind. After the kill they move in and take the test share.”雌狮比雄狮捕食能力强，但雄狮不介意。捕到食物后他们移过来进行分享。可知雄狮捕食能力差但是吃得好。
3.The kill is the exciting moment in the day-to-day life of the lion, since these great animals spend most of their time, about 20 hours a day, sleeping and resting.捕杀是狮子日常生活当中最兴奋的时刻，因为这些大动物一天大约20个小时在睡觉、休息。所以B项正确。
4.．推理判断题。根据最后一句“an act of close ties among members of the group”这个群体的成员之间的密切联系的行为和最后一段描述的狮群的行动可以知道狮子很享受这种集体生活。
5.主旨大意题。这篇文章是讲狮子在猎食和生活中的特性，选项A Powerful Lions 强大的狮子，过于抽象，不能表现文中描述的要点，C Lions, Social Cats 社交大猫和D技能猎手，都过于片面，只概括了其中一个部分，只有B Lions at Work and Play在工作和玩的狮子，比较全面和准确。
假定你是李华，看到班上有部分同学在完成作业时，不自己独立完成而是抄袭他人的作业，针对这种现象，请你以My opinion on copying others’ homework为题谈谈你自己的看法。
My opinion on copying others’ homework
It is known to us all that some students copy others’ homework at school. As students, we have to do plenty of homework at home and at school, but sometimes we have some homework which is too difficult for us. On the other hand, not only are some of us lazy but we are also not so interested in some subjects as well. They don’t work hard. In order to finish the assignments to please their teachers, some students copy others’ homework.
In my opinion, it is wrong to copy others’ homework because it breaks the rules of school. What we students should do is to be honest and try to finish our homework by ourselves instead of by copying. Even though/if we have trouble doing our homework, we can ask our classmates or teachers for help.
试题分析：题目要求以“My opinion on copying others’ homework”为题，谈谈对抄袭他人作业这种现象的看法。写作要点包括：抄袭作业的主要原因；个人看法这两个方面。可以根据所给要点适当进行拓展，使语句变得通顺。不要出现标点和拼写错误，尽量保持卷面整洁、字体美观；注意行文的连贯性。
语法方面：主语从句①It is known to us all that some students copy others’ homework at school，②What we students should do；定语从句which is too difficult for us；倒装句not only are some of us lazy but we are also not so interested in some subjects as well；原因状语从句because it breaks the rules of schools；让步状语从句Even though/if we have trouble doing our homework等，语法知识运用娴熟，显示了较强的语法功底，也使作文句式变得多样；
篇章结构方面：范文注意使用as students, but, on the other hand, in my opinion等来衔接句子和段落，使表达变得更有条理；
短语和搭配方面：范文使用了plenty of, work hard, be interested in, as well, in order to, try to do, by ourselves, instead of, have trouble doing, ask...for help等，使作文的内容变得充实。
34.B【解析】本题考查英国政治制度。从材料中可以看出英国资产阶级革命已经胜利，但同时又保留了中 世纪政治体制的架、立法、行政、司法的基本机制，因此英国的政治制度还需要完普，故选B；英国资 产阶级已经胜利，已经确立了君主立制，所以英国资产阶级单命不能说徒有其表，故A项错误；英 国之所以保留了中世纪政治体制的框架、立法、行政、立法等，只能说明英国的资产阶级相对保守，选 项C项错误；社会性质已经发生根本改变，故D项错误。